Estoppel


Estoppel
A legal defense tool used when someone reneges on or contradicts a previous agreement or claim. Estoppel prevents someone from arguing something contrary to a claim made or act performed by that person previously. Conceptually, estoppel is meant to prevent people from being unjustly wronged by the inconsistencies of another person's words or actions.

There are many different types of estoppel. Two common forms are equitable estoppel, which can prevent a person from going back on his word, and collateral estoppel, which can prevent a person from going back to court on the same grievance. Collateral estoppel is used to prevent legal harassment and abuse of legal resources.

For example, if a mother states that a child is not hers, estoppel could prevent her from later trying to claim child support payments from the child's father.


Investment dictionary. . 2012.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Estoppel — in its broadest sense is a legal term referring to a series of legal and equitable doctrines that preclude a person from denying or asserting anything to the contrary of that which has, in contemplation of law, been established as the truth,… …   Wikipedia

  • estoppel — es·top·pel /e stä pəl/ n [probably from Middle French estoupail plug, stopper, from estouper to stop up see estop] 1: a bar to the use of contradictory words or acts in asserting a claim or right against another; esp: equitable estoppel in this… …   Law dictionary

  • Estoppel — (RP: [ɪˈstɒpəl], GenAm: [ɛˈstɑːpəl]; von engl. to estop, „unterbinden, verhindern“) ist ein Grundsatz im Verfahrens und materiellen Recht des Common Law, der die Durchsetzbarkeit eines zustehenden Anspruchs aufgrund von Handlungen des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • estoppel — ● estoppel nom masculin Objection péremptoire qui s oppose à ce qu un État, partie à un procès, puisse contredire sa position antérieure. estoppel n. m. DR INTERN Exception procédurale applicable à un état faisant valoir des prétentions… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Estoppel — Es*top pel, n. [From {Estop}.] (Law) (a) A stop; an obstruction or bar to one s alleging or denying a fact contrary to his own previous action, allegation, or denial; an admission, by words or conduct, which induces another to purchase rights,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • estoppel — A person s own acts, statement of facts or acceptance of facts which preclude his later making claims to the contrary. (Dictionary of Canadian Bankruptcy Terms) United Glossary of Bankruptcy Terms 2012 …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • estoppel — 1530s, from O.Fr. estopail bung, cork, from estoper (see ESTOP (Cf. estop)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • estoppel — [e stäp′əl] n. [OFr estoupail, stopper, bung < estoper: see ESTOP] the barring of a person, in a legal proceeding, from making allegations or denials which are contrary to either a previous statement or act by that person or a previous… …   English World dictionary

  • estoppel — /AstopAl/ Estoppel means that party is prevented by his own acts from claiming a right to detriment of other party who was entitled to rely on such conduct and has acted accordingly. Graham v. Asbury, 112 Ariz. 184, 540 P.2d 656, 658. A principle …   Black's law dictionary

  • estoppel — /AstopAl/ Estoppel means that party is prevented by his own acts from claiming a right to detriment of other party who was entitled to rely on such conduct and has acted accordingly. Graham v. Asbury, 112 Ariz. 184, 540 P.2d 656, 658. A principle …   Black's law dictionary

  • Estoppel — L estoppel est un principe juridique d origine anglaise (de common law) selon lequel une partie ne saurait se prévaloir de prétentions contradictoires au détriment de ses adversaires. L estoppel doit être utilisé comme un bouclier, et non comme… …   Wikipédia en Français


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